Eczema refers to a series of skin conditions, which happen because of allergic reactions or sometimes from the body's reaction to an immune system deficiency. The result can lead to inflammation of the skin, discoloration, and itchy spots very similar to dermatitis. In many cases, the redness itself is merely dermatitis. This can happen anywhere on your body, including the hands, face, neck, or other areas. Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is the most prevalent type and is normally the result of an allergic response. Usually, this condition starts in childhood. At Houston Premier Dermatology in Houston, TX, Dr. Catherine Papasakelariou will help you determine what is causing the inflammation so she can accurately diagnose you and create a personalized treatment plan.
At this time, doctors aren't entirely sure what causes eczema, but they think it's the immune system's overactive response to a common irritant. Generally, eczema is triggered by several factors. The most common causes include the environment, food allergies, immune system issues, genetics, skin barrier defects, and irritants. Family genetics play a significant part because specific genes can cause you to have very sensitive skin. A patient with relatives who suffer from asthma or allergies can have a greater risk of developing skin conditions, like eczema.
Eczema is most commonly characterized by red, itchy, dry skin, as well as persistent rashes. Typically, the skin will start to itch before a rash appears. Many patients encounter patches of chronically itchy, dry, or thickened skin. These spots can appear anywhere but mostly happen on the face, neck, legs, or hands. With children, patches can show up on the inner creases of their knees and elbows. Once the skin is scratched, dry patches and open sores with crust can develop and can become infected. Serious symptoms could include pus-filled blisters or even a yellow to brown crust developing over eczema patches, which may be an indication of a fungal infection.
Your ECZEMA Treatment
Many patients can usually treat eczema with an assortment of over-the-counter or prescribed medication and lotions. To help relieve symptoms, we recommend using hydrocortisone creams, ointments, and antihistamines, such as Benadryl. Prescription drugs, such as steroid creams or immunomodulators, can assist people who have moderate to severe eczema. An oral or corticosteroid might also be prescribed. In extreme conditions, ultraviolet light treatment or laser therapy might also be used on the affected areas. When other therapies have failed, we might prescribe immunosuppressants medications to suppress the immune system.
Plan Your Procedure
Seek Relief Today
If you've suffered from eczema for years with very little relief or you've just discovered an itchy rash and a difference in your skin, we can help you determine the best treatment for you. Implementing a multi-step treatment technique, including prevention, detection, and treatment, enables you to not only handle your condition but also notice a significant improvement in symptoms. Seek help for your eczema-related symptoms now at Houston Premier Dermatology in Houston, TX.